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Six Best Practices for Deterring Cyber Hackers

Michael Flavin | May 22, 2015

What Your IT Department needs to know to protect Your Intellectual Property and Other Mission-Critical Data

eFax Corporate recently hosted a webinar to inform covered entities in healthcare of the dangers that today’s sophisticated cyber hackers pose to their electronic protected health information (ePHI) and other intellectual property. ()

We chose  because it is a favored target among hackers and other “malicious actors,” as the FBI calls them. This is largely because the personal data that health providers hold includes information valuable to criminals — names, birthdates, Social Security numbers. According to the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Civil Rights, data breaches of health providers in 2014 affected as many as 10 million people. And breaches like these were up an astonishing 1,800% from 2008 to 2013!

But the common pitfalls and best practices we identified in this webinar relate not only to healthcare-related businesses: they can also apply to organizations in all. So here’s a brief overview of the key points we discussed in the webinar, details you might want to share with your IT organization or management.

6 best practices for preventing cyber attacks

Many of the best approaches to cyber security today can be found in the SANS Security Model, articulated by the  for information security training and research.

These 6 coordinated steps — referred to as “Defensive Walls” — might sound like a military strategy, and that’s by design. The model is built on the longstanding military approach to protecting assets, by creating multiple layers of security around them.

The military metaphor is also appropriate because, when it comes to  and intellectual property, your IT environment is a likely target of cyber hackers. Here’s some defensive measures we discussed: 

1)  Defensive Wall #1: Proactive Software Assurance


This first step in the cyber-security best practice is to make sure your organization’s software applications do not have holes or vulnerabilities that an attacker might be able to exploit.

2)  Defensive Wall #2: Blocking Attacks (at the Network Level)


Here’s where our military metaphor begins, creating the outermost physical security layer to protect your data. This security layer is at your organization’s perimeter, the network. A strong network-based security infrastructure should include several complementary systems and processes, including:

-    Network firewall

-    Intrusion Detection System (IDS), which will detect and then alert you if someone tries to penetrate your network.

-    Intrusion Prevention System (IPS), which will automatically thwart an attempted attack on your network.

-    Managed Security Services (MSS), third-party security experts monitoring and proactively protecting your network and data against hackers.

3)  Defensive Wall #3: Blocking Attacks (at the Host Level)


This is the next security layer inward from your organization’s network perimeter. “Hosts” in this context means any device or location where your data is housed — servers and databases, desktop computers, and mobile devices, now often called “endpoint devices.”

For these endpoint devices, you need more than simple anti-virus software. In fact, reacting to the flood of new viruses being detected — upwards of 5,000 every week, by some estimates — the Symantec CEO admitted in late 2014 that anti-virus as we know it is dead.

Your “host” devices are no longer always kept within the physical confines of your offices — your employees are working and accessing your data at home, in their cars, at Starbucks. This is why best practices now dictate corporations apply the same levels of security to your “host” devices as you do to your network:

-    Firewalls
-    Intrusion Detection (IDS) and Prevention (IPS)
-    Content Filtering
-    Anti-Malware


4)  Defensive Wall #4: Eliminating Security Vulnerabilities


This layer of security involves putting into place strong security management practices, including:

-    Vulnerability Management, which refers to proactively identifying and wiping out vulnerabilities to cyber hackers in your networks, applications and process.

-    Patch Management, which goes hand-in-hand with Vulnerability Management, where identifying a security vulnerability in an operating system requires a security patch to fix.

-    Penetration Testing, which involves actually testing the security controls you have in place, looking for weaknesses. Essentially, it means acting like a hacker to determine if a hacker could penetrate your systems. 

5)  Defensive Wall #5: Safely Supporting Authorized Users


This security layer involves providing several related protocols to allow your staff, consultants and other authorized personnel to safely access your data from anywhere. This defensive wall requires the coordinated use of:

-    Encryption, which refers here both to data at rest (on a server or database), and when it’s in motion, such as when the data is accessed from the cloud or sent or received over any communication medium (email, fax, etc.).

-    Virtual Private Network (VPN), necessary for when your staff or other authorized users access your data over the Internet. This is a common shortfall among corporations’ overall security protocols — failure to secure access to networked data for their remote workers.

-    Data Loss Prevention (DLP), which is essentially monitoring your network for critical data you’re trying to protect and keeping it from “leaking” out of your security umbrella. A strong DLP system will alert you if this data moves, and automatically stop it from being transferred outside your secure network.

6)  Defensive Wall #6: Tools to Manage Security and Maximize Effectiveness


This final security layer includes additional processes, applications and practices including:

-    Log Management, generating and storing a complete audit trail for every device that accesses your network, so you can conduct a thorough forensic review in the event of a security breach.

-    Security Incident and Event Management (SIEM), which layers analytics over your log data, to analyze this data looking for security incidents. 

-    Training, including training your entire staff on smart, secure data protocols and training your IT staff on how to recognize and prevent security vulnerabilities. 

More hacking-prevention details in the free webinar

We answer several related questions in the free . Additional topics covered in the webinar that you might find interesting, and might want to share with your IT team, include:

-    Why firewalls are not enough?
-    What are some of the new threats to corporate networks and data?
-    What are the most common data-protection mistakes corporate entities make?

eFax Corporate® delivers a secure, cloud fax solution

Another way you can take advantage of a proven solution to protect your mission-critical and sensitive data is with the world’s #1 online fax service, , often complemented by eFax Secure™. eFax is entrusted every day to transmit millions of pages of sensitive corporate documents by businesses in the most heavily regulated industries, such as healthcare, legal and financial. Our proven process helps meet the strictest  regarding data transfer, tracking and storage.
Michael Flavin

About Michael Flavin

Michael Flavin Former Sr. Product Marketing Manager, Enterprise Marketing at eFax Corporate - a part of j2 Global™
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